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U.S. Energy Information Administration – EIA

May 3, 2022

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According to the latest results of the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), 56% of US households used at least one internet streaming device with a TV in 2020, up from 29% in 2015. An equal percentage of US households, 56%, used at least one set-top box with a TV in 2020, down from 76% in 2015. About 27% of households used both a streaming device and a set-top box in 2020, down from 21% in 2015.

An Internet streaming device, or over-the-top streaming device, is an external device that allows a television to stream Internet content, such as Roku or Apple TV. Set-top boxes include cable or satellite set-top boxes with or without digital video recording (DVR) technology as well as separate DVR set-top boxes. These devices do not include gaming systems that stream content or smart TVs with streaming apps.

Although more people are staying home during the pandemic, RECS data on TV usage shows little change from 2015. In 2020, 72% of households with a TV reported using their TV most used four or more hours per weekday, up from 71% in 2015. The number of televisions used per household was also similar between 2015 and 2020, averaging 2.3 for both years.

In our survey, we asked respondents about the type and size of their TV screen. US households in 2020 reported owning more liquid crystal display (LCD) or light-emitting diode (LED) televisions than in previous RECS studies. Of the most-used and second-most used TVs in US homes, 89% were LED or LCD TVs, up from 73% in 2015 and 37% in 2009. Respondents reported that only 3% of TVs in US homes were projection or tube televisions. 2020. In 2009, 57% of the most used TVs in homes were projection or tube TVs.

TV types for the most and second most used TVs in US homes


TV screen size has also increased: 16% of the two most used TVs in households in 2020 were 60 inches or larger, up from 7% in 2015. In 2020, 31% of TV screens were 39 inches or larger. less, compared to 46% of screens in 2015. LED and LCD TVs consume less power in standby and active mode than plasma, projection and tube TVs of the same size. On average, internet streaming devices also consume less power than set-top boxes. We plan to release household consumption and expenditure data for selected end uses in early 2023.

RECS 2020 collected data on household energy use from 18,496 households, the largest sample of respondents in the program’s history. Respondents completed the survey using self-administered online or mail questionnaires in late 2020 and early 2021. In addition to data on televisions and electronics, early RECS 2020 results include estimates on structural and geographic features, lighting, appliances, demographics and households. fuel poverty. In the coming months, we plan to release estimates on additional topics and detailed results information for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Main contributors: Francisco Cifuentes, Greg Lawson