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Hepatitis cases in children detected in Illinois, Canada and Japan

April 27, 2022

An increasing number of serious cases of hepatitis in children have been detected in the United States and around the world. The cause of the cases is still unclear.

At least three cases have been discovered in Illinois, making it the third state to report such cases.

Two cases have been reported in suburban Chicago and one in western Illinois, with all children under the age of 10, the Illinois Department of Public Health said in a news release. A child needed a liver transplant.

Although no cause was given, all cases were potentially linked to a strain of adenovirus _ a common cold virus _ according to the press release.

Previously, nine cases had been discovered in Alabama and two in North Carolina. Last week, the CDC issued a nationwide alert, encouraging doctors to look for symptoms of pediatric hepatitis that could be linked to the common cold virus. The CDC has recommended that doctors consider adenovirus testing in children with hepatitis when the cause is unknown.

In Canada, authorities have detected cases of hepatitis in children but did not specify the number, Global News reported, citing the Public Health Agency of Canada.

“These are being further investigated to determine if they are linked to cases in the UK and US,” the health agency told Global News. “As the investigation evolves, we will update the public accordingly.”

In Japan, a child was hospitalized with severe hepatitis in what is believed to be the first such case in Asia, CNBC reported, citing the Japanese health ministry.

The World Health Organization said that as of April 21, more than 160 cases of acute hepatitis in children have been detected worldwide. The UK had 114, Spain 13, Israel 12, Denmark 6, Ireland at least 5, the Netherlands 4, Italy 4, Norway 2, France 2, Romania 1 and Belgium 1.

Among those infected, one child died and 17 required liver transplants.

The common viruses that cause acute viral hepatitis – hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses – were not detected in any of the cases. International travel and other country-based ties were also not identified.

Adenovirus, a common cold virus, has been detected in at least 74 cases, the WHO said. COVID-19 infection was identified in 20 cases, and both COVID-19 and adenovirus infection was detected in 19 cases. pandemic closures.