Since June 2021, an upsurge in violent clashes between gangs has generated a situation of generalized insecurity in several municipalities of the Metropolitan Zone of Port-au-Prince (ZMPP) and displaced tens of thousands of people. Insecurity in the capital, which accelerated after the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in July 2021, has worsened the already dire economic and political conditions facing Haiti. The Haitian Civil Protection Directorate (DGPC) and IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) recorded 47,129 new displacement movements in the ZMPP between April 23 and August 23, 2022. As of September 1, 2022 in the ZMPP, 87,895 people were displaced by gang violence, including 21,684 in 36 spontaneous sites and 66,211 in 160 host communities/neighbourhoods. The violence in the capital has also caused a large number of people to flee to the southern regions of Haiti: the DGPC and the DTM have identified 9,252 people among 51 host communities in the departments of South and Grand’Anse. displaced by insecurity in the capital.
On August 14, 2021, an earthquake whose epicenter is about 13 km southeast of Petit-Trou de Nippes struck the departments of Nippes, Sud and Grand’Anse. This earthquake caused the death of 2,246 people, as well as significant damage and destruction in more than 115,000 homes and affected more than 800,000 people. The IOM DTM and the DGPC estimate that 16,185 people are currently displaced in the departments of Sud and Grand Anse following the earthquake, including 2,528 in 35 sites and 13,657 in 51 communal reception areas.